luni, 15 octombrie 2012

Walnuts industry global stats

U.S. tree nut production in 2011 totaled 2.6 million tons (unshelled), up 8 percent from the previous year. The nut crop was valued at $6.1 billion, up 4 percent from 2010.  (NASS 2012)

Almond, hazelnut and macadamia nut production all increased in 2011, while pistachio and walnut production declined. Almond production was up 19 percent, hazelnut production jumped 39 percent and macadamia production increased 13 percent. Pistachio production was down 15 percent and walnut production declined by 9 percent. Pecan production was down 8 percent as a result of drought in major pecan-producing states.  (NASS 2012)

Crop value increased for all tree nuts but pistachios. Almonds account for more than half of U.S. tree nut production value, and in 2011, almond production value rose 19 percent to $3.5 billion. Likewise, the value of the 2011 hazelnut and pecan crops also increased, while the value of the pistachio nut crop dropped 24 percent.  (NASS 2012)

Tree nut consumption rose to 3.97 pounds per person in 2010. Americans ate more almonds, hazelnuts, macadamias and pistachios, but fewer pecans and walnuts. In general, the top three nuts eaten in the United States are almonds, pecans and walnuts.  (ERS)

California is the country's leading producer of tree nuts. Nearly 90 percent of each year's tree nut production is harvested from the state's orchards, including almost all almonds, pistachios and walnuts. Together, Georgia, New Mexico and Texas produce more than 75 percent of the U.S. pecan crop.  (NASS 2012)

According to USDA, China bought $737 million in tree nuts from the United States in 2009, up from $89 million five years earlier. China emerged as the top foreign buyer of American almonds in 2010, more than doubling its purchases from two years ago. In 2009, China was the top foreign buyer of American walnuts, and in 2007 it became the leading export market for pecans.  (FAS)

Source: August 2012 by Diane Huntrods, AgMRC, Iowa State University. EN

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